From “Zero-Shot” To “Chain Of Thought”: Prompt Engineering & Choosing The Right Prompt Types (ChatGPT & GPT-3)

How to Craft Prompts for Maximum Effectiveness

Tristan Wolff
4 min readFeb 8, 2023
Image by the author & Midjourney

Prompt engineering is the key component of success when it comes to using modern AI conversation tools and language models like ChatGPT and GPT-3. It is the art of crafting a statement or question that returns accurate and valuable results.

Depending on the use case, creating effective prompts can be a tricky process. The challenge is often to use and modify the right type of prompt. Here are the most important ones:

Prompt Types Explained

Zero-Shot Prompt

The most basic and straightforward prompt type there is. What chatGPT and GPT-3 basically do is complete your prompt. That’s the whole magic. So a zero-shot prompt works like a simple question-answer mechanism:

You don’t have to use a question, though. Any initial statement works. The AI model will always try to complete it:

One Shot Prompting

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